USTR Highlights Benefits of U.S.-Korea FTA on Fourth Anniversary

Excerpt from: Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg Trade | March 21, 2016

The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative on March 15 issued a fact sheet highlighting the many benefits that the U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement continues to provide four years after it entered into force to American businesses, workers and farmers. By contrast, the Coalition for a Prosperous America claimed that the agreement has significantly worsened the bilateral trade deficit with Korea.

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The USTR fact sheet indicates that U.S. manufacturing exports to Korea went up by 8.4 percent from $34.4 billion in 2011 to $37.3 billion in 2015, with shipments of passenger vehicles (up by 207.9 percent to $1,287 million) and pharmaceuticals (up by 48.3 percent to $934 million) experiencing brisk growth and shipments of machinery achieving a more moderate 13.1 percent gain to $6.9 billion. In addition, sales of “Detroit 3” cars in Korea rose 21 percent during 2014-15, outpacing both the overall growth of U.S. exports to Korea and worldwide exports of U.S. passenger vehicles.

Also doing well during 2011/15 were a range of agricultural and food products, including beef (up by 18.1 percent to $810 million), lemons (up by 233.3 percent to $30 million), shelled almonds (up by 143.2 percent to $180 million), fresh cheese (up by 390.0 percent to $147 million), cherries (up by 172.5 percent to $109 million) and wine and beer (up by 83.3 percent to $33 million). Exports of dairy products grew by nearly 37 percent from 2011, while shipments of citrus fruit advanced 25 percent.

U.S. services exports to Korea have also done well in recent years, growing by 34.5 percent from $16.7 billion in 2011 to an estimated $22.4 billion in 2015. This rate of growth nearly tripled the overall 13.1 percent growth of U.S. services exports to the world. USTR observes that the agreement has provided greater access to Korea’s market for U.S. express delivery services and now allows U.S. investors to wholly own Korean telecommunications operators and some broadcast service providers.

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